Woburn City Hall
10 Common Street
Woburn, MA 01801
P: (781) 897-5800
F: (781) 897-5859
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, is located about 10 miles northwest of Woburn , Massachusetts , nearly at the head of the Boston and roughly halfway between Mystic River Valley and Lowell . L-shaped and comprising 13 square miles of land, it is a small city of approximately 38,000 people. The city is bordered by the towns of Boston on the north, Wilmington and Stoneham on the east, Reading on the South, and Winchester and Burlington on the west. Lexington
First settled in 1640 and incorporated as a distinct township in 1642, it is thus one of the oldest and most historic communities in New England. Colonial also once encompassed the modern Woburn towns of Massachusetts , Wilmington , and Burlington , but these communities eventually broke off into separate townships in 1730, 1799, and 1850 respectively. Winchester
Though small tanning and shoemaking activities had begun by 1700, ’s economy remained primarily agricultural until the early 19th century. Woburn The opening of the in 1803 provided Middlesex Canal tanners with a new means of obtaining tanbark, and as a result, the leather business within the town boomed. Woburn The opening of the Boston & Lowell Railroad in 1835 and its Woburn Loop line in 1844 served to further expand the shoemaking and tanning industries. The nation’s early rubber industry was also established in East Woburn by 1836, and revolutionized by ’s pioneer discovery of the vulcanization process in Charles Goodyear East Woburn in 1839.
Demand for shoe leather during the Civil War gave a boost to ’s leather production Woburn , and by 1865 there were 21 tanning and currying establishments in town. Immigrants from , Ireland , and Nova Scotia moved to Canada to take jobs in the tanneries. By 1885 Woburn was the leading leather producer in the area. The City retained this lead well into the 20th century, developing with it a range of associated support industries, including a chemical works, machine shops, and makers of tanners’ knives. Woburn of Henry Thayer developed the process of chrome tanning in 1901, which took the place of bark tanning. Woburn
By the 1930s, however, under the combined adversities of the Great Depression and changing markets, the tanning industry declined. By 1940 only six tanneries remained. Today there are none.
The of today is mix of quiet residential neighborhoods, vibrant office and industrial parks, and wooded conservation areas, such as the Horn Pond Reservation, Woburn , and Shaker Glen. As a result of its long history, virtually all the historic architectural styles typical of Forest Park are found in New England . These include the Woburn , built in 1661 by Baldwin Mansion and altered to its present Federal-era appearance by his great-grandson, Deacon Henry Baldwin in 1803, and the Colonel Loammi Baldwin Woburn Public Library, the first public library designed by the great Victorian-era architect
H. H. Richardson , his first work after completion of his masterful in Trinity Church . Boston
To learn more about ’s intriguing history, visit Woburn . Historic Woburn